304 304L Dual Certified Stainless Steel

Dual certification refers to two different material or standard certified together to meet both of them, the most common example is 304 and 304L stainless steel grade, that occupy the largest proportion for use in stainless steel, because they have excellent properties to meet the most case.

304 304L Dual Certified

for stainless steel plate, 304 / 304L dual certified stainless steel conform to ASTM A240, as a stainless steel tube % pipe manufacturer, we check it in this aspect, in fact, it is almost the same in chemical composition and properties, dual certification is always required in two very similar alloys, not for big difference grade, like 304 and 321 stainless steel.

Firstly, let us see 304 and 304L conforming to ASTM A269 specification for welded and seamless tubing, and comparing in difference, usually, we consider 304L is low carbon 304, and variation from 304, “L” means low content in carbon element.

Grade C Si Mn Cr Ni Mo S P
304 0,08 1,0 2 18 – 20 8 – 11 0,03 0,045
304L 0,035 1,0 2 18 – 20 8 – 12 0,03 0,045

From above table, we can see that there are two differences in composition, Carbon and Nickel content, Nickel content range from 8 to 12% for 304L, and 304 Nickel content range from 8 to 11%, it is not so that important, carbon content of 304 / 304L dual certification must not exceed 0.035%.

Secondly, let us check 304 and 304L stainless steel mechanical properties in minimum value.

Grade Tensile strength(Mpa) Yield point(Mpa) Elongation(%)
TP304 515 205 35
TP304L 485 170 35

Versus to 304L, 304 has higher value in Tensile strength and Yield point due to high carbon content, so 304/304L dual certification limit to that two properties minimum 515 Mpa and 205 Mpa separately.

Important:304 304L dual certified stainless steel require both chemical composition fully complying to 304L grade and mechanical properties complying to 304 grade.

Different chemical composition and mechanical properties effect other stainless steel properties, such as corrosion resistance, ductility, weldability, low carbon dual certified grade has good resistance to avoid intergranular corrosion attack.

Why Dual Certified Grade?

Although dual certification type is not stated by any standards organization, in practice, dual certified material is more and more used for special applications, dual certified grade have some benefits, the corrosion resistance of stainless steel should be guaranteed, and the strength of standard requirement should be met.

For End Users

End uses can select dual certified grade to meet strict requirement, dual certification material possess both high strength and excellent corrosion resistance together.

For Manufacturers

With stainless steel refining technology impovement, dual certified alloy can be offered in both grade, that means dual certification grade can replace individual grade, it reduce the production cost.

Other Examples of Dual Certified Term

  • 1.4301 / 1.4307
  • 316 / 316L stainless steel
  • S31803 / S32205 duplex
  • ASTM A249 / ASTM A269 for welded tube
  • ASTM A213 / ASTM A269 for seamless tube

304 304L dual certified is for stainless steel material, dual certified standard have multiple requirements, such as test, tolerance, mills must issue MTC to certify it is dual certified material and standard.